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Important Acts that Transformed India

1st Edition
9390219558 · 9789390219551
OVERVIEWImportant Acts that Transformed India is a ready-reference book of the must-know laws for aspirants preparing for UPSC Civil Services Examination (Prelims, Main and Interview). It is equally valuable to all the legal students, academicians, a… Read More
MRP ₹375.00
About the Author ii 
Preface vii 
Acknowledgements ix 
The Usefulness of the book for UPSC Civil Services Examination (Prelims, Mains, and Interview) xi 
Part I Historical Acts: Modern Indian History and Freedom Struggle (GS I) 1 
1. The Regulating Act, 1773 2 
2. The Charter Act, 1833 6 
3. The Government of India Act, 1858 11 
4. The Government of India Act, 1909 14 
5. The Government of India Act, 1919 18 
6. The Government of India Act, 1935 23 
7. The Indian Independence Act, 1947 27 
Part II Acts for Consolidations and Reorganisations within the Country (GS I) 32 
8. The States Reorganisation Act, 1956 33 
9. The Northeastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971 37 
10. The Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019 41 
Part III Acts for Meeting the Needs of Indian Societal Structure and Preserving Heritage (GS I) 44 
11. The Citizenship Act, 1955 45 
12. The Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989 48 
13. The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 52 
14. The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006 57 
15. The Special Marriage Act, 1954 61 
16. The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958 65 
Part IV Acts for Welfare and Empowerment of Women (GS I) 69 
17. The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 70 
18. The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005 74 
19. The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013 77


20. The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Act, 2019 81 
21. The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act, 1986 85 
Part V Acts related with Indian Polity, Governance and Judicial Structure (GS II) 88 
22. The Representation of the People Act, 1950 89 
23. The Representation of the People Act, 1951 92 
24. The Parliament (Prevention of Disqualification)Act, 1959 97 
25. The Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act (PESA), 1996 101 
26. The Administrative Tribunals Act, 1985 104 
27. The Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 108 
28. The Gram Nyayalayas Act, 2008 114 
29. The Contempt of Courts Act, 1971 118 
30. The Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971 122 
31. The National Judicial Appointments Commission Act, 2014 126 
Part VI Acts for Vulnerable Sections of Populations, Health, Education and Human Resource (GS II) 130 
32. The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 131 
33. The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 135 
34. The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 138 
35. The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019 142 
36. The National Food Security Act, 2013 146 
37. The Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016 152 
38. The Mental Healthcare Act, 2017 156 
39. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 162 
40. The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 166 
41. The Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 172 
42. The Unorganised Workers’ Social Security Act, 2008 175 
43. The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 179 
44. The Code on Wages, 2019 184 
45. The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005 190 
46. The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976 195 
47. The Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013 200


48. The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 204 
Part VII Acts Promoting Transparency in Governance (GS II and GS IV) 211 
49. The Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 212 
50. The Central Vigilance Commission Act, 2003 215 
51. The Right to Information Act, 2005 219 
52. The Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act, 2013 226 
53. The Whistle Blowers Protection Act, 2014 231 
Part VIII Acts addressing issues arising out of Economy (GS III) 234 
54. The Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003 235 
55. The Comptroller Auditor Generals (Duties, Powers and Conditions of Service) Act, 1971 239 
56. The Income Tax Act, 1961 243 
57. The Goods and Services Tax Legislation Act, 2017 247 
58. The Companies Act, 2013 251 
59. The Competition Act, 2002 256 
60. The Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interests (SARFAESI) Act, 2002 260 
61. The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 263 
62. The Fugitive Economic Offenders Act, 2018 267 
63. The Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002 270 
64. The Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 274 
65. The Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010 277 
66. The Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 281 
67. The Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 284 
68. The Essential Commodities Act, 1955 287 
69. The Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 290 
70. The Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957 294 
71. The Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 299 
72. The Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products (Prohibition of Advertisement and Regulation of Trade and Commerce, Production, Supply and Distribution) Act, 2003 306 
73. The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985 310 
74. The Consumer Protection Act, 2019 314 
Part IX Acts addressing Issues arising out of Technology (GS III) 318 
75. The Information Technology Act, 2000 319 
76. The Telegraph Act, 1885 325


Part X Acts dealing with Intellectual Property Rights (GS III) 329 
77. The Copyright Act, 1957 330 
78. The Patents Act, 1970 334 
79. The Trade Marks Act, 1999 339 
80. The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 342 
Part XI Acts Protecting Environment and Biodiversity (GS III) 346 
81. The Indian Forest Act, 1927 347 
82. The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 351 
83. The Environment Protection Act, 1986 355 
84. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 365 
85. The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 369 
86. The National Green Tribunal Act, 2010 373 
87. The Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights Act, 2001 377 
88. The Biological Diversity Act, 2002 382 
Part XII Acts Dealing with Security and Disaster Management (GS III) 389 
89. The Indian Penal Code, 1860 390 
90. The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 395 
91. The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 400 
92. The Indian Evidence Act, 1872 406 
93. The Arms Act, 1959 411 
94. The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 414 
95. The National Security Act, 1980 420 
96. The Official Secrets Act, 1923 423 
97. The National Investigation Agency Act, 2008 427 
98. The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 431 
99. The Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897 434 
100. The Disaster Management Act, 2005 437
Appendix 1: UPSC Prelims Questions 441
Appendix 2: UPSC Mains Questions 454
Appendix 3: Important Legislative and Judicial Terms: Understand the Meaning 460


OVERVIEW


Important Acts that Transformed India is a ready-reference book of the must-know laws for aspirants preparing for UPSC Civil Services Examination (Prelims, Main and Interview). It is equally valuable to all the legal students, academicians, and general readers who are interested in Indian Polity and Constitution. The way nation now functions owe a lot to many of the Acts enacted by the Indian Parliament. Our day-to-day lives are touched and transformed by many laws. This book presents a meaningful analysis of the important laws that everyone needs to know abou

KEY FEATURE
? All-in-one book covering all important Acts (laws) relevant for UPSC Civil Services Examination (CSE) General 
    Studies Papers - I, II, III and IV
? Unique approach which divides 100 must-know Acts topic-wise into 12 Parts correlating with the subjects in the latest
   UPSC CSE Syllabus
? Each chapter (Act) divided into Introduction, Background, Objective, Important provisions, Amendments, Criticism,
    Importance and Impact
? Complicated legal concepts made simple and easy to understand Special Attractions
? UPSC Civil Services Preliminary and Main Examination Previous Years’ Questions from the topic
? Important Legislative and Judicial Terms explained
? Mind maps and useful diagrams included
? Important recent bills analysed available as online learning material